Sunday, April 15, 2007

Peter I. Blacker, Equitable Villages

Peter I. Blacker, "Equitable Villages," Boston Investigator, XXI, 38 (January 21, 1852), 4.

From the Commonwealth.

Equitable Villages.

Messrs. Editors:—Knowing your disposition to give every person who manifests an earnestness to better the condition of the world at large, fair play and a hearing in your columns, have ventured to call the attention to the friends of social reform to the movement now in progress, of establishing Equitable Villages on the System proposed by Mr. Josiah Warren of Indiana, and which has been clearly set forth in Nos. I and 2 of the work entitled Science of Society, by Stephen Pearl Andrews. A tract of land has been securred, containing 700 acres, on Long Island, N. Y., in the immediate vicinity of the Thompson Station, 41 miles front New York city when, a few families have commenced the work of establishing in the relations of life equity and justice.

The following are the Problems to be solved in these Villages, a laid down by Mr. Warren: —

1st. The proper, legitimate, and just reward of labor.

2d. Security of person and property.

3d. The greatest practicable amount of freedom to each individual.

4th. Economy in the production and uses of wealth.

5th. To open the way to each individual for the possession of land and all other natural wealth.

6th. To make the interests of all co-operate with and assist, instead of clashing with and counteracting each other.

7th. To withdraw the elements of discord and repulsion and to establish a prevailing spirit of peace, order and social sympathy.

And according to him, also the following Principles are the means of Solution:—

I. Individuality.

II. The sovereignty of each individual.

III. Cost the limit of price.

IV. A circulating medium founded on the cost of labor.

V. Adaptation of the supply to the demand.

This system is of the most conservative character in preserving personal individuality and rights of property, and cannot be met by the ultra conservatives with the arguments which they bring against Communism, Fourier's system, and joint stock associations for social improvement. In this system there are no common funds or guarantees which it is contended by the conservatives will attract the idle and vicious, but each individual will live at his or her own cost. All trades and professions will be taught on the cost principle, opening all employments to men and women on equal terms. The object of this communication is to draw attention to the books already published, and to recommend the investigation and discussion of the subject. Probably not many will believe me, but I venture to say, that for those who desire justice, a way has been found to obtain it.

P. I. B.


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